mostbet
This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Royal Yugoslavia (1918-1941): Laws on the flags at sea

Last modified: 2004-06-05 by
Keywords: law |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



See also:


The 1922 law

The 1922 law on the flags at sea was published in Sluzbene novine Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca (Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes), nr. 89/22, 28 February1922. The full text of the law is given below.

"We Alexander I, by the grace of God and the wish of the people, the King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes proclaim and issue to the whole that the Lawmaking Council of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, based on article 130 of the Constitution, on its 38th regular session on 28 December 1921 in Belgrade, decided and that we confirm it now, that the decision of the Council of Ministers, "Pov. Mor." nr. 1481/0 of year 1920 - list of acts of Ministry of Navy and Army nr. 46 - Official Gazette nr. 195. of 3 September 1921 - change and declare

The Law on the Ensigns of War, Merchant and Private Vessels

Article 1. Naval ensign

The Naval ensign shall have a ratio of 1:1.5, and shall consist of three horizontal fields of equal height. The colors shall be blue-white-red. On one third of the ensign length there shall be the state coat of arms with the crown. The height of the arms and crown (without the globe and cross) shall be half of the ensign height.

Article 2. Merchant ensign

The Merchant ensign shall have a ratio of 1:1.5, and shall consist of three horisontal fields of equal height. The colors shall be blue-white-red.

Article 3. Reserve Naval Officer's ensign

The Reserve Naval Officer's ensign shall be equal to the merchant ensign. In the blue field, near the hoist there shall be a white fouled anchor and above it a yellow royal crown. The distance of the crown from the hoist shall be equal to its height, and that shall be 1/3 of the height of the blue field.

Article 4. Harbour Police ensign

The Harbour Police ensign shall be equal to the merchant ensign. On one half of the flag length from the hoist, there shall be in the white field two blue crossed anchors.

Article 5. Navy and Army Minister's standard

The Navy and Army Minister's standard shall have a ratio of 1:1 (square) and shall consist of three horizontal fields of equal height. The colors shall be blue-white-red. The standard shall be bordered with a border of width one 33rd part of the standard side. The upper and lower parts of the border shall be divided into 33 vertical fields so that the edge fields are blue, and in-between fields are ordered white-red-white-blue and so on.The left and right borders shall also have 33 horizontal fields in which colors are arranged in the same way as in the upper and lower borders. In corners there shall be three white fields, one blue and one red, so that those are in-between the white ones, and all meet each other on the diagonal of the square in the corner of the border. In the left corner of the standard in the blue field there shall be a white double-headed eagle with the state coat of arms and the crown. The size of this symbol depends on the size of the field itself, and equals to the eightfold width of the small border fields. The vertical axis of the eagle shall be 4.5 widths of the small border fields from the left edge.

Article 6. Rrear Admiral's standard

The Rear Admiral's standard shall be blue in ratio 1:1, bordered in the same manner as the Navy and Army Minister's standard. In the second quarter of the blue field there shall be the royal crown. The width of the crown shall be 8.5 widths of the small border fields.

Article 7. Commodore's standard

The Commodore's standard shall be blue in ratio 1:2, in shape of a swallowtail, so that the depth of the indentation is 1/3 of the standard length. In the upper hoist corner there shall be the royal crown one fourth of the standard width height. The crown shall be in the left upper square, which sides shall be equal to half the standard height.

Article 8. Seniority standard

The Seniority standard shall be blue like the Commodore's standard, but without the crown.

Article 9. Masthead pennant

The Masthead pennant shall be a white flag in ratio 1:100 ending in the shape of a point [i.e. triangular]. On the first tenth of the length there shall be three horizontal fields of the same width in the state colors. The point of the flag shall end with a white bunch of ropes.

Article 10. Customs signal

The Customs signal shall be triangular, divided in three fields of blue, white and red. The base of the white field shall be equal to the half the signal height, while the bases of the blue and red fields shall be one fourth of the signal height. The length of the signal shall be one and a half of height. The points of all fields shall meet in the point of the triangle.

Article 11. Post signal

The Post signal shall have a ratio of 1:1, and shall contain three horizontal fields of blue-white-red. The white field shall be twice higher than the blue and red ones, and shall contain a deep-blue post-horn. The length of the horn shall be one half, and its height shall be one fourth, its distance from the inner and outer edges shall be one fourth, and from the blue and red fields one eighth of the flag length.

Article 12. Hoisting (use) of ensigns, standards, signals and pennants

For the hoisting (use) of the royal standards shall be valid the decisions of His Majesty the King.

Only the war ensign, merchant ensign, reserve naval officer ensign and harbor police ensign shall be hoisted at stern as the signs of nationality of the vessel. The war ensign shall be hoisted only by the war vessels; the merchant ensign shall be hoisted by other state and private vessels; the reserve naval officer ensign shall be hoisted on merchant vessels on which the commanders are reserve naval officers and which were granted the right to hoist this ensign by decree; the harbor police ensign shall be hoisted by all vessels in service of maritime administration.

The standard of the Minister of Army and Navy, of Rear Admiral, of Seniority and the war pennant shall be hoisted only by war vessels; customs signal only by vessels in customs service, and post signal by all vessels that serve in postal traffic.

Article 13.

The ministry of Army and Navy shall make rules on hoisting the flags on war vessels, and in cooperation with Ministry of Traffic rules by which the reserve naval officers will be granted the right to use the reserve naval officers ensign.

The Ministry of Traffic shall make rules on hoisting of flags on other state, merchant and private vessels of the Kingdom of Serbes, Croats and Slovenes in coordination with the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Industry, Post and Telegraph, Internal Affairs and Finances.

For the making of the required construction sheets, the acquisition of the required number of different flags the Ministry of Finances shall give special funds to the Ministry of Army and Navy - Navy Branch, that shall endorse the task.

Article 14.

This law shall be valid on the day of publication and supersed the decision of the Council of Ministers, "Pov. Mor." Nr. 1481/0 of 1920 - list of acts of the Ministry of Navy and Army nr. 46 - Official Gazette nr. 195 of 3 September 1921.

We suggest to Our Minister of Army and Navy that this law publishes, and to all Our Ministers that they take care of it endorsement. To the government we command to act according to it, and to all and everybody to subdue to it."

28 February 1922, in Belgrad
(signed) Alexander

seen and applied the State Seal, Keeper of the State Seal, Minister of Justice
(signed) Dr. L. Markovic

President of the Council of Ministers
(signed) Nikola P. Pasic

(followed by signatures of other Ministers)

 

Translated by Zeljko Heimer , 7 June 1998

Translator's note: The word for flag and ensign is the same in Serb-Croat-Slovene language (as it was called then), but since the law deals in fact with ensigns, I translated it so.


The 1937 law

The 1937 flag law is apparently not known in the international vexillologic literature. It is presented in detail in the Gazette of the Serb Heraldic Society by D. Acovic: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, volume V, 8 August 2001. pp. 5-6.
The article by Acovic is followed by images of almost all flags from the law, as well as what appears to be the front page of the booklet issued by the Royal [Yugoslav] Navy publishing the law. Unfortunately, until now I have not found that booklet, though probably the national library in Zagreb should have it.
Some of the flags defined by the 1937 law are exactly the same as those from the1922 law.

Acovic groups the flags into four groups, some of which have subgroups. I suppose that Acovic is actually following the law:

Zeljko Heimer, 16 November 2003

Mostbet